Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes
- Excellent conductors of electricity
- Versatility makes SWCNT's metallic or semiconductors even
- Excellent for miniaturizing electronic components for nanotechnology development
- Efficient conductors of thermal energy
- Extremely strong yet flexible
- Excessively lightweight with a higher aspect ratio
- Packing Size: 1gram to 25gm (Retail), 1kg and more (Bulk)
Specifications and Details Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are unique materials with many outstanding features. In this simple and easy-to-understand guide, we will discuss their structure, how to spread them evenly, and their special features, such as mechanical, electrical, optical, and thermal properties.
SWCNTs have chemically derived from graphene, an allotrope of carbon. It is a one-dimensional material due to its high aspect ratio. The SWCNT is a one atom thick sheet of graphene that looks like a tube. There are various methods to produce; however, the Catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) method is one of the popular techniques. We use the same to produce this product. It is one of the popular types of nanotubes, and it possesses a 0 to 2 eV band gap.
At the core, the single-walled carbon nanotubes have sp2 hybrid bonds, and the diameter ranges from 0.7 and 10 nm. Ideally, the diameter is less than or equal to 2 nm. Typically, the product has two configurations - zigzag and armchair.
- Zigzag configuration – It has a graphene-like structure that changes path at a 60-degree angle that alternates in a zigzag pattern on every next step of the bond.
- Armchair configuration – The armchair configuration is similar to the zigzag configuration, the only difference being that the structure changes the path twice. That means there are two turns to the right and left on every four steps, while that of the zigzag was only one.
SWCNTs are made of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb pattern and rolled into a tiny tube shape. They are minimal, with diameters as tiny as 0.4 nanometers and lengths that can be several micrometers.
We offer single-walled carbon nanotubes in powder as well as in dispersion form packed in PET bottle. Since we are the product manufacturer and seller, we also customize the product according to the client's requirements if the order is in bulk. The functionalized groups of the single walled carbon nanotubes are also available on demand. If the researcher wishes to disperse the product in aqueous solvents, it must opt for the functionalized groups.
SWCNTs have special features because of their small size and structure. They are very strong, have excellent electrical conductivity, and have unique optical properties, making them useful for many applications.
- Strength: Since the SWCNTs have sp2 bonding between the atoms, it exhibits remarkably high strength. It has a strength of 48,000 kN·m·kg−1 that is more than that of diamond and steel.
- Conductivity: It has a current-carrying capacity of 4 × 109 A/cm2, which is 1000 times more than copper, a highly conductive material. However, it acts as semiconductors in many applications.
- Thermal Resistance: It has high heat resistance. It is greater than 3000 W/m.k, making it suitable for many gadgets that need high thermal resistivity.
- Mass: It is one of the lightest know materials that exhibit remarkable strength. It has a maximum mass density of 1.6 g cm−3.
- Length: So far, the length to which a carbon nanotube is grown is 1/2 meter or 550mm. Therefore, it helps applications that require the conductive or insulate material to have a continuous bond.
- Toxicity: Researches prove that single-walled carbon nanotubes are non-toxic to the human body. The material is inert and thus does not react with the human body. However, it can prove to be harmful if one ingests or inhales it.
- Mechanicanism: SWCNTs are very strong and light. They are 100 times stronger than steel but weigh only one-sixth as much. Their strength and low weight make them great for strengthening materials in industries like aerospace and automotive.
- Electrical: SWCNTs can be metallic or semiconducting; it depends on their structure. They conduct electricity well and can be used in transistors, sensors, and energy storage devices.
- Optical: SWCNTs have unique optical properties and can glow in the near-infrared range. This makes them helpful for imaging, sensing, and making solar power devices (photovoltaic devices).
- Thermal: SWCNTs are great at conducting heat along their length. This makes them helpful in managing heat in electronics and mixed materials (nanocomposites).
Applications of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes
- Additive Agents – The combination of single-walled carbon nanotubes with non-conducting agents such as polymers, plastics, nylon, ceramics, etc., creates materials that act as semiconductors or exhibits exceptional strength depending on the type of material. Moreover, it improves the stability, thermal resistivity, electrical conductivity, heat conductivity of the material.
- Automobile Hardware Components – Since SWCNT improves the material's strength with composition, it helps make various hardware components of automobiles like seats, dashboards, riser handlebars, cranks, forks, seat posts, stems, and aero bars.
- Sports Equipment – Skis, baseball bats, ice hockey sticks, surfboards, hunting arrows, etc., are usually composites of carbon nanotubes.
- Textile Industry – It is a reliable and versatile product. Its composition with fabrics creates a strong material that is sustainable and strong and stain-resistant. Therefore, it is helpful in creating body armors and vehicle armors, woven fabrics, etc.
- Electronic Equipment – Materials with a composition of SWCNT have high electrical conductivity and uses in PCBs, capacitors, batteries, cells, solar batteries, and cells. It also acts as a heat-resisting agent and is suitable in smartphones, smartwatches, and various other gadgets that need compact space but high usage of minimum components.
- Sensors And Membranes – It helps make biochemical sensors and membranes with extraordinary properties.
- Water Filtration And Air Purification – It has a dense structure. When a water filtration device uses carbon nanotubes as a filter method, results prove that it also kills the bacteria and filters the water. Similarly, in air purifiers, the minute particles are purified, killing most of the bacteria and releasing fresh and healthy air to breathe.
- Medical Applications – Since it is non-toxic to human cells, it proves effective in recovery and regeneration. It helps develop coatings for prosthetic parts, making them strong and keeping their weight light, target drug delivery, cell regeneration, cancer treatment, vascular stents, DNA modification, etc.
How to use?
Dispersing the single walled carbon nanotubes is simple; however, the researcher must take care of the ingredients' proportions.
- Take the desired amount of product in a beaker according to the need of the experiment.
- The powder is not soluble in water; therefore, use solutions - solvent with the surfactant such that it is compatible with the product. Usually, chemically active solutions are helpful for this purpose.
- While mixing the solvent and surfactant, ensure that the solution is below the critical micelle concentration or the latter.
- Then add the powder to the solution and use an ultrasonic probe to mix it. Do not stir or shake the components as they may break. The ultrasonic probe effectively mixes all the ingredients. Monitor the time while doing this activity as it affects the length of the nanotubes. The above process results in producing bundles of SWCNT's. If the researchers want to break the bundles, sonication is recommendable. The centrifuge method is another method that can be useful.
Dispersion means spreading SWCNT's evenly in a substance, like a liquid or solid. Proper dispersion is important for getting the most out of SWCNT's in various uses. To do this, we can use methods like shaking with sound waves (sonication), adding special helper substances (surfactants or dispersants), or changing the nanotubes' surface (chemical functionalization).
- On exposure to eyes, splash clean and cold water into the eyes, gently pat dry with a soft towel, and wait for the irritation to stop. Do not briskly rub the eyes.
- If the researcher accidentally eats the product or the product enters the mouth, immediately gargle with clean water and try to remove any residue product from the mouth. Do not drink water as the product may enter the stomach.
- If the researcher inhales the product, immediately rush to clean and open-air, exhale, and inhale briskly.
- The researchers should seek medical help as soon as possible once the first aid instructions are performed.
- The product might cause skin irritation if it encounters bare skin. In such instances, wash hands thoroughly with water and soap.
- Researchers should follow the safety norms of the government to dispose of the remains of the experiment safely.
The researchers must enter the lab with all necessary safety gear. That means that the researchers must have on their PPE kits, gloves, masks, face shields, and goggles while entering the research area.
- The operational area or labs should have proper lighting and ventilation.
- The experiment platform must have a cover that does not let the product spill directly on the surface, and even if the product spills, it is easy to clean.
- Do not inhale, eat, or bring the product too close to body parts to let the product enter the body. If in case it does enter the body, follow the instructions below.
Frequent exposure to Graphite, graphene, or any other allotropes of carbon is lethal to human health. Since the researchers are always around the product, regular checkups at timely intervals are necessary.
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have many great features, but there are challenges that need to be solved. Here is a simple explanation of the main challenges:
- Production: Making SWCNTs with the same size and structure is complex. We need better ways to control their production to get the best properties for specific uses.
- Dispersion: Spreading SWCNTs evenly in a substance is essential, but on the other hand, it can be tough to do. We need better techniques and helper substances to ensure they are adequately dispersed.
- Cost: SWCNTs can be expensive to make. We need to find cheaper and more efficient ways to produce them so that more people can use them.
- Safety: We need more information about the safety of SWCNTs for people and the environment. This will help us understand how to use them responsibly.
Characterization of SWNTs
Understanding the properties of SWCNTs is essential for making their best use. Here is a simple explanation of some methods used to study and ensure their quality:
- Quality Assurance Parameters: These are checks and measurements we do to ensure the SWCNTs are of good quality and will work well in different applications.
- Analysis by Raman Spectroscopy: Raman spectroscopy is a way to study materials using light. It helps us understand the structure and properties, such as their size and how well they conduct electricity.
- Analysis by Optical Absorbance Spectroscopy: Optical absorbance spectroscopy is another way to study materials using light. This method helps us learn about the concentration and size.
Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) is used to study materials by measuring their weight changes as they are heated. Here is a simple explanation of how TGA is used to study Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs):
- Thermogravimetric Analysis: In TGA, we heat the SWCNTs gradually and monitor their weight changes. This helps us understand how stable the SWCNT's are and how they react to heat.
- Purpose: Using TGA, we can learn about the purity of the SWCNTs, find out if there are any other materials mixed with them, and understand how they break down when heated.
In conclusion, SWCNTs have many excellent properties and a wide range of applications. To make the most of their potential use, we need to focus on the following areas:
- Metrology and Quality Control: It is important to use techniques like Raman spectroscopy, optical absorbance spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis to measure and understand the properties of SWCNTs. This ensures their quality and helps us use them effectively.
- Improved Selectivity: We must develop better methods for different applications to produce SWCNTs with specific properties, such as size and electrical behavior.
- Dispersion: Improving dispersion techniques will help us spread SWCNTs evenly in various materials, making them more effective in different uses.
- Scale-up of Manufacturing Processes: To make SWCNTs more accessible and affordable, one must find ways to produce them on a larger scale without losing their special properties.
By focusing on these areas, we supply Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in various scientific and technological applications, making them even more helpful and valuable in the future.
Why Choose Us?
Shilpa Enterprises is a leading firm in the chemical industry with ISO 9001:2008 certification for maintaining its up-to-date top-notch quality and services. We have a productive & professional team with over ten years of experience and can understand and deliver the client's requirements. Moreover, quality being one of our essential criteria, we perform regressive testing on the products. Since we are the manufacturers and sellers of the available products at our site, we can provide them at a reasonably low cost. We offer a vivid range of industrial as well as research-grade single walled carbon nanotubes. We also make sure that the clients receive what they ask for in time.